Project Portfolio Management
Project Portfolio Management is the same process as Product Portfolio management, but this time all projects are included, not just new product projects, because they potentially use some of the same resources and are potentially all fighting for a limited budget.
Many companies these days are trying to do too much and hence failing to get their projects launched on time. It is understandable in these straightened times to want to do everything possible and to hedge ones bets, thinking that this will maximise the opportunities for success. However it often leads to overloading of resources, which leads to delays and hence not realising the benefits because the projects are not completed on time.
The answer is Project Portfolio Management which is a process of prioritising projects, so that they are undertaken in an orderly, rather than chaotic, manner. This means that you choose which projects have first call on the resources and deliberately delay others until resources are available (or obtain more resources to reduce the bottlenecks), rather than having project deadlines moved around in a higgledy-piggledy uncontrolled fashion.
Portfolio Management Goals
The three goals of project portfolio management are typically:
- Maximise the value of the portfolio
- Seek balance in the portfolio
- Keep portfolio projects strategically aligned
Portfolio Management Tools and Methods
There are a number of methods that can be used to help decide and control what is in the portfolio. Some of the most common ones are listed below
- Time to Break-Even
- Expected Commercial Value (ECV)
- Productivity Index*
- Strategic Buckets
- A list of key factors each with a weighting factor and each scored 1-10
Bubble Charts and Pie Diagrams
- A bubble chart showing a graphical view of various project metrics/characteristics such as portfolio risk-reward. It is used to assure balance in the portfolio of projects (e.g., neither too risky or conservative and appropriate levels of reward for the risk involved) or provide a breakdown of the project portfolio with different characteristics.
- A Pie diagram showing the split between different classifications of projects, e.g. by type or by region, to show the balance (or not) between the various types
* Productivity Index = (Net Present Value x Probability of Success) / Development Cost Remaining
2nd Generation Portfolio Management
Typically portfolio management has concentrated on the financial aspects, i.e. allocating budget to projects. However the real problem is handling limitations on resources, i.e. manpower. Therefore 2nd Generation Portfolio Management needs to have an equal focus on resource allocation, especially manpower. See Resource Management for more info.
For further information, please contact us and we will do our best to help